Samurai Video Clips: The Three Unifiers
Oda Nobunaga and
1. Who was Oda Nobunaga?
2. What role did Oda Nobunaga play in reunifying Japan?
3. What weapon changed samurai warfare? How did this weapon reach Japan?
4. Who was Toyotomi Hideyoshi? How did he come to power?
5. What changes did Hideyoshi make to protect his position of power?
Rules regarding weapons: Rules regarding social status:
Imagine you are a samurai. Describe how you feel about Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s new rules imposed upon Japan.
1. How did Tokugawa Ieyasu gain power?
2. What city became the capital of Japan under Tokugawa Ieyasu?
3. How did Tokugawa Ieyasu make sure that the daimyo didn’t rebel?
4. What foreign policy did Tokugawa Ieyasu establish? Was this a good policy? Why or why not?
5. How did the role of the samurai change during the Tokugawa shogunate?
Imagine you work for the Tokugawa Shogun. The shogun has created a set of new rules in an effort to preserve a traditional Japan. Create three signs listing the new rules for life under Tokugawa rule. Sign 1 should list rules for the daimyo. Sign 2 should list rules for the samurai. Sign 3 should list rules for all people including rules about religion and foreigners.
These signs will serve as an official edict and will be posted throughout Japan. Be sure to include text and/or images and be creative!
The Three Unifiers: Final Processing
A famous poem still taught today reads,
What if the bird will not sing? Oda Nobunaga answers, “Kill it!” Toyotomi Hideyoshi answers, “Make it want to sing!” Tokugawa Ieyasu answers, “Wait for it to sing!”
Explain this poem. Then, explain why you think Tokugawa Ieyasu was ultimately the most successful of the three unifiers. What was his legacy?
Oda Nobuna and Toyotomi Hideyoshi
STOP! Before you watch the video about Tokugawa Ieyasu, read the handout about him.